The average person now swallows five grams of plastic each week — the same amount of plastic as a credit card — according to new research by the WWF.
Researchers found that people are consuming up to 102,000 tiny pieces of plastic that add up to almost nine ounces each year – with nearly 90 per cent coming from water, both bottled and tap.
Many varieties of plastic carry chemicals and additives which have been shown to influence sexual function, fertility and increase the occurrence of genetic mutations and cancers.
Other foods with highest plastic levels include shellfish, beer and salt.
Alec Taylor, Head of Marine Policy at WWF, said: “Plastic is polluting our planet in the deepest ocean trenches, but now we know that it’s also polluting our own bodies, through the food we eat and the water we drink.
“This report must serve as a wake-up call to the UK Government – we don’t want plastic in our oceans, and we don’t want it on our plates.”
Telegraph reports: Plastic is now so ubiquitous in nature that is has been found at the bottom of the Mariana trench, locked in Arctic sea ice, and littering the remote peaks of the French Pyrenees.
The new figures were compiled by researchers at the University of Newcastle in Australia who analysed more than 50 studies on the ingestion of plastic by people.
It found that globally the average person consumes up to 1,769 particle of plastic each week from water, 182 from shellfish, 11 pieces from salt and 10 from beer.
In Europe around 72 per cent of tap water now contains plastic with nearly two plastic fibres found per 500ml.
Dr Thava Palanisami, microplastics researcher at the University of Newcastle, said: “While the awareness of microplastics and their impact on the environment is increasing, this study has helped to provide an accurate calculation of ingestion rates for the first time.
“Developing a method for transforming counts of microplastic particles into masses will help determine the potential toxicological risks for humans, moving forward.”
Although the long-term effects of plastic ingestion on the human body are not yet known, some studies have shown that beyond a certain exposure level, inhalation of plastic fibres produce mild inflammation of the respiratory tract.
Some types of plastic carry chemicals and additives which have been shown to influence sexual function, fertility and increase the occurrence of genetic mutations and cancers.
Airborne microplastics may also carry pollutants from the surrounding environment. Britain has already taken 15 billion plastic bags out of circulation by imposing a 5p tax on bags and recently banned microbeads in cosmetics. From next April, straws will not be served unless specifically asked for by customers.
Have you ever noticed that you seem to buy, and then throw out endless numbers of plastic food and beverage bottles?
From ketchup and mayonnaise to soda and water, plastic bottles are truly one of the most common sources of rubbish. Did you know the plastic bottle are also some of the most versatile things you can have for managing all kinds of prepping needs?
Have a look at just a few simple things you can do with plastic bottles to make your life easier now and navigate through a major crisis. You’ll start stockpiling plastic bottles when you’ll see these projects, so that you have a large reserve of them in time of need.
Tools to Have On Hand
Even though plastic bottles are exceptionally easy to work with, a few basic tools are very important to have onhand.
Pointed objects such as knitting needles, awls, nails, etc
Ruler, Paper, Compass, Protractor – for designing items that you will be making from the bottles. A paper pattern is especially useful because you can always use it to make new items as old ones wear out.
Candle – for some projects, you will need to melt the plastic in order to create a perfect fit or to make a new form altogether. When used with care, a candle can provide enough heat to soften or melt the plastic.
Non-flammable work surface – molten, and even very soft plastic can stick to all kinds of surfaces and be difficult to remove. Aluminum foil or other non-flammable materials can help you reduce the risk of starting an unwanted fire and also make clean up much easier. Don’t forget that plastic can also generate sparks that can easily land on curtains or other flammable material. Work in an area where you do not have to worry about sparks starting fires hours or even days after you completed your task.
Source of readily available water or fire extinguisher – if you are planning to heat plastic for any reason, keep water or a fire extinguisher on hand in case the fire gets out of control.
And here are the DIY projects to develop using plastic bottles:
Removing debris from water, cooking, and even watering houseplants all require some kind of sieve or strainer. Despite that, when your life turns upside down because of a short term or long term disaster, sieves and strainers may be the last things on your mind. Fortunately, you can make a good strainer by poking a few holes in a plastic bottle.
To make strainers with the most precise patterns and holes, start off by adding water to the bottle and letting it freeze. Do not put the cap back on the bottle or overfill it as this can cause the bottle to split from the expansion that occurs as water converts to ice.
Once you have a solidly frozen bottle to work with, use clamps or a vice to secure the bottle to your work table. Now all you have to do is punch holes in the bottle with a nail or awl and then let the ice melt. After you empty the water out, you will have a perfectly good strainer for food, water, and anything else that will not interact with the plastic.
2. Water Purification and Filtration
There are at least three ways you can use plastic drinking bottles for water purification:
First, if you have a clear bottle, simply fill it with water and set it in the sun for a few hours. The UV rays from the sun will go right through the plastic and kill off any bacteria in the water. Just make sure that you do not let the water get too hot because this will cause the water to take on a plastic taste. In addition, if the water gets hot enough to make steam, it can cause the bottle to burst.
Second – you can cut the bottle open and use it to layer various kinds of filtration medium. Charcoal, sand, and just about anything else can be layered in the bottle. Be sure to have a clean cup or some container ready and in position to catch the water after it drains through the filtration media.
Third – if you plan on using hydroponics for growing food and raising fish, it is very important to keep the water well filtered. You can make an aquarium filter of just about any size using old plastic drinking bottles. Even if you use simple media like charcoal and fiber floss, your aquaponics system will work better than if you have no form of filtration and aeration.
3. Bug Catcher
Have you ever noticed that mosquitoes, horse flies and other noxious flying insects seem to show up when you have the least amount of time or energy to deal with them? If so, then you probably already know that these insects will probably appear in droves during a crisis situation.
To make matters even worse, the Zika virus and many other dangerous diseases can be transmitted by these insects. In times when sanitation and waste removal systems will be either overtaxed or unavailable, it is more important than ever to know how to get rid of flying insects using non-chemical means.
You can use plastic bottles to make inexpensive, easy to maintain bug catchers that will work no matter where you put them. In fact, if you have a problem with insects right now, you can use these bug catchers to solve your problems. Click on the picture below to read our article on how to build this bug catcher!
4. Build Shelters
Surprisingly enough, there are dozens, if not more ways to use plastic bottles to build shelters. You can fill them with sand or other materials that would normally be of little use, and then make a mud cement to form walls.
Some people also fill the bottles with water or other materials that make it easier to use passive heating or cooling methods. You can also use plastic bottles filled with water and bleach to create a basic light that will brighten up an interior room.
Plastic bottles can also be cut apart for roof materials and siding, or you can melt the plastic down and form it into more suitable tiles.
5. Leak Sealant
If you think insects are going to be a nuisance in the post crisis world, then you may be caught off guard by how many problems can be caused by leaks. When it comes to overlooked areas of prepping, you may not even be thinking about storing away extra PVC pipe or other items that may spring a leak at just the wrong moment.
As long as the pipes in question will not reach high temperatures, then you can fix these leaks easily enough with plastic bottles. All you need to do is:
Cut a large enough patch from the plastic bottle to cover the area that is leaking.
Use a candle to presoften the patch as much as possible.
Wear heat protecting while you fit the plastic patch to the area that is leaking.
Carefully use the candle to heat the plastic patch until it fully adheres to the item that needs to be patched. Be careful not to melt or burn the item that is being patched.
If you have any kind of crazy glue or other sealant that will bond the plastic to the leaking object, you can use that instead of heating up the plastic.
6. Container Garden Planters
As with building a shelter, there are endless ways to use plastic bottles for growing plants. Here are just a few that every prepper should know about:
Vertical garden wall planters – if you are already building a shelter out of plastic bottles, then you might just want to incorporate these solutions for creating a garden and also disguising your home. Who would think that a house lurks beneath a mess of wild grape vines, raspberry stickers, or even poison ivy? Even better, you can combine these vertical plant walls with an internal layer of sand bags to make your carefully hidden home bullet proof.
Vertical Garden Towers – one of the best ways to grow herbs, onions, and garlic revolves around having many plants arranged in layers. This is easy to achieve when you make some large holes in a soda bottle to that the plants can grow from holes at different levels in the container. If you have very limited space for growing indoors, a vertical garden tower may be the best way to go.
Self – Watering Planters – for carefree gardens indoors and outdoors.
Plastic Bottle Greenhouse – If you are more interested in conventional growing methods and need a greenhouse, you can use this design. For improved temperature control, seal some of the bottle pairs with heat from a candle so that the bottles will hold water. Since water absorbs more heat than air, and lets it go more slowly, you can extend the growing season quite a bit using this design.
7. Drawer and Counter Organizers
Since plastic bottles come in all shapes and sizes, it is very easy to cut them down and use them as drawer and counter organizers. If you want something a bit fancier, you can also make vertical storage trays for lightweight items.
For example, the tray system featured in the link below is perfect for storing paper clips, thumb tacks, and a number of other desktop items. This includes sticky notes and other reminders that need to be in a prominent place without taking covering up other important things.
If you need to store heavier items in each tray, it may help to use heavier washers at the bottom of each bottle. For improved durability, it may also help to use cement in the base to reduce the risk of the stand tipping over.
Or, better yet, you can turn the base into something of a coin bank and let the weight of the coins act as an anchor for the stand.
8. Life Jacket
Life jackets and other important swimming gear are the kinds of “leisure” items that you may also forget during a crisis. Since plastic bottles float well, they also make excellent life vests. Just make sure that you leave the caps on and do not poke holes in them.
There are many ways to join the bottles together to make a suitable vest. In general, the more bottles you can join together, the more weight they will be able to float. If you do not have rope available, you can use vines or anything else that will not fall apart in the water.
9. Boats and Rafts
Unless you have a large homestead with a private pond large enough for boating, chances are you do not have access to a boat that can be launched easily.
No matter whether you pay for docking at a local marina, or you must transport the boat on a trailer, it will be very difficult to manage all of this during a major disaster. Nevertheless, if you must travel across water, you won’t get very far without a boat or raft. You can build a boat or raft with plastic bottles and glue.
There are also many other materials you can incorporate into the frame in order to take advantage of the best of the materials you have on hand.
When making a boat or raft, you should be very careful about the kind of glue that you use. While many waterproof glues and epoxies will work fine in freshwater, they may not work well at all in marine or brackish water. It will also be to your advantage to use a rope or net system as part of the boat’s form so that the bottles have a better chance of staying together even if the glue fails.
10. Air Blowers and Vacuum Cleaners
In a world where electricity will be at a premium, you may still need air blowers or suction to accomplish some basic tasks. While you can still sweep the floor and get rid of cobwebs with a broom, there may still be times when a vacuum cleaner or air blower will be of immense benefit.
Here are some simple guides for making vacuum cleaners. The amount of suction produced will depend largely on the strength of the motor.
Also there more video on Survivopedia here the the link to the article
Before you throw out an empty beverage or food plastic bottle, take a look at your survival goals and the kinds of things you would like toe have onhand. From boats and vacuum cleaners to organizing tools, you can do far more than expected with plastic bottles.
Never underestimate the power of these simple “rubbish” items in situations where your life, and the lives of your loved ones depend on successfully innovating with whatever items you may have onhand. Give some of these ideas a try and you are sure to find plenty of cost efficient, effective ways to pursue prepping goals and perhaps even make your life in the pre-crisis world a bit easier.
Eco Liberty Conclusion: Survivopedia have some interesting DIY project that you can get involve with that. Plastic Pollution is a real environmental issue; recycling plastic is way to reduce them going to landfills and ending up in the sea. There also more ways to recycle plastic. Machine made to cut plastic into 5mm (1/5 inch) peaces so when the plastic peaces enter the machine that turn plastic peaces into 3D printing filament or made into plastic pellets for other uses.
the video above show machine that turn plastic into 3D printing filament
After I had watched a video on You Tube ADV China. They talk about China’s Green Technology and why that is a lie. They explain why China like projecting an image to make the country look good even if it is not true. Here the video below about Serpentza and Laowhy 86 exposing the China’s Green image they tried to project.
Eco Liberty conclusion: I don’t like to brash to China and thing is I like to be China to be clean and free from pollution. There are way methods that China can try to make the country clean and less polluted. One of them is to upgrade their coal fired power plant to be run cleaner more efficiently. Before China can project an image to be true; they should solve to their environmental problem first.
On a “Trash Walk” in Bali, Greg and I learnt that plastic trash has a value and can be sold up the chain to be recycled into new plastics… BUT we also tried something a little different! Using the Precious Plastic open source machinery we attempt to turn trash into a trash-can, using bottle caps to make 100% recycled 3D printer filament?!
(Natural News) There’s a reason why the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has implemented a Clean Water Act and a Clean Air Act, but NO Clean Soil Act.
A Clean Soil Act would fundamentally change how wastewater is processed and recycled. It would require the EPA come clean about the toxic composition of fertilizers being spread on North American soils. A Clean Soil Act would halt the mass spread of toxic sewage on food crops all across America. It would expose environmental crimes within the EPA itself. A Clean Soil Act would require the truth to come out; that the recycling of bio-solids is a toilet-to-farm scheme that is poisoning America’s gardens and farmlands and forcing humans to eat from their own waste.
The bio-solids that are processed and recycled at municipal wastewater treatment plants are sold to homes and farms across the country as “fertilizers.” These bio-solids are a chemical nightmare, consisting of a wide array of pharmaceuticals, agro-chemicals, industrial chemicals, household chemicals, pathogenic material, and heavy metals. This toxic biosludge should never come in contact with soils that grow food for human and animal consumption. (Related: The government is lying about the safety of biosludge.)
Documentary exposes deep truths about EPA fraud and the chemical poisoning of soils and the food supply
In the new documentary Biosludged, scientific experts and whistle blowers break down what is happening to North American soils and how this mass pollution scheme is making people chronically ill and mentally lobotomized. In this documentary, former EPA scientist and whistle blower Dr. David Lewis reveals the shocking extent of the EPA’s criminal activities and scientific fraud. The fertilizer that people add to their soils is inundating crops with disease-promoting pathogens and a slew of chemicals that wreck havoc on the physiological processes of the human body.
The documentary also warns that the food supply is at grave risk of being used as a vector for terrorist activity. A terrorist can flush massive amounts of chemicals into the sewage system, only to have it all recycled as fertilizer for use on crop fields. Sewage sludge could also be laced with bio-weapons and microorganisms that cause food poisoning and infectious disease. All the human dung that is deposited on food crops ultimately releases chemicals into the groundwater, too. People across the U.S. are literally regurgitating the toxic composition of their own poop, using water and fertilizer that has been poisoned over and over again. These biosludge chemicals directly affect brain function, immune function, and fertility. All the cancer marches and pink ribbon fundraisers should start to look at what’s going on with the food supply, how toxic human waste is re-consumed, poisoning the population into cancerous states.
Watch the full documentary at BrighteonFilms.com and download the full movie files that you can openly share with others. Stay up-to-date on the “greatest environmental crime you’ve never heard” at Biosludge.News.
Source: Eco Liberty Date: 19 October 2017 Author: Matthew Miller
I recently heard something on the radio talking about Countdown banning single use of plastic bag by 2018 in New Zealand. So decide write about plastic bags and what are the issues about them and what are the alternatives? For me I lay in the somewhere in the grey area because I thinking the alternatives to plastic shopping bags; why plastic should be banned?
Firstly let talk about what plastic bag do look like and what are they? Bags is something that you carry things in. Plastic bag is make out of Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) which have a recycle code 4 as well as petrochemical. Most Plastic Bag where design for single use for carrying goods from shops and may be used as a rubbish bag
The history of plastic bags: American and European patent applications relating to the production of plastic shopping bags can be found dating back to the early 1950s, but these refer to composite constructions with handles fixed to the bag in a secondary manufacturing process. The modern lightweight shopping bag is the invention of Swedish engineer Sten Gustaf Thulin. In the early 1960s, Thulin developed a method of forming a simple one-piece bag by folding, welding and die-cutting a flat tube of plastic for the packaging company Celloplast of Norrköping, Sweden. Thulin’s design produced a simple, strong bag with a high load-carrying capacity, and was patented worldwide by Celloplast in 1965.
Celloplast was a well-established producer of cellulose film and a pioneer in plastics processing. The company’s patent position gave it a virtual monopoly on plastic shopping bag production, and the company set up manufacturing plants across Europe and in the US. However, other companies saw the attraction of the bag, too, and the US petrochemicals group Mobil overturned Celloplast’s US patent in 1977.
The Dixie Bag Company of College Park, Georgia, owned and operated by Jack W. McBride, was one of the first companies to exploit this new opportunity to bring convenient products to all major shopping stores. The Dixie Bag Company, along with similar firms such as Houston Poly Bag and Capitol Poly, was instrumental in the manufacturing, marketing and perfecting of plastic bags in the 1980s. Kroger, a Cincinnati-based grocery chain, began to replace its paper shopping bags with plastic bags in 1982, and was soon followed by its rival, Safeway.
Without its plastic bag monopoly, Celloplast’s business went into decline, and the company was split up during the 1990s. The Norrköping site remains a plastics production site, however, and is now the headquarters of Miljösäck, a manufacturer of waste sacks manufactured from recycled polyethylene.
From the mid-1980s onwards, plastic bags became common for carrying daily groceries from the store to vehicles and homes throughout the developed world. As plastic bags increasingly replaced paper bags, and as other plastic materials and products replaced glass, metal, stone, timber and other materials, a packaging materials war erupted, with plastic shopping bags at the center of highly publicized disputes.
In 1992, Sonoco Products Company of Hartsville, SC patented the “self-opening polyethylene bag stack”. The main innovation of this redesign is that the removal of a bag from the rack opens the next bag in the stack. This team was headed by Wade D. Fletcher and Harry Wilfong.
Environmental Concerns with Plastic Bag: There is a lot environmental Concern with Plastic Bags but not just plastic bag but with non-biodegradable plastic materials which is made with petrochemicals. Even the mainstream news has admitted that plastic maybe a bigger threat than climate change which that the case because climate change is never issue because the sun is the main driver of climate change and don’t cause much damage to the marine life as non-biodegradable plastic would.
Because plastic bags are so durable, this makes them a concern for the environment. They will not break down easily and as a result may be harmful to wildlife. Each year millions of discarded plastic shopping bags end up as plastic waste litter in the environment when improperly disposed of. The same properties that have made plastic bags so commercially successful and ubiquitous—namely their low weight and resistance to degradation—have also contributed to their proliferation in the environment. Due to their durability, plastic bags can take centuries to decompose.
On land, plastic bags are one of the most prevalent types of litter in inhabited areas. Large buildups of plastic bags can clog drainage systems and contribute to flooding, as occurred in Bangladesh in 1988 and 1998 and almost annually in Manila. Littering is often a serious problem in developing countries, where trash collection infrastructure is less developed than in wealthier nations.
Plastic bags were found to constitute a significant portion of the floating marine debris in the waters around southern Chile in a study conducted between 2002 and 2005. If washed out to sea, plastic bags can be carried long distances by ocean currents, and can strangle marine animals.
What are alternatives?
Good news that there are alternatives to plastic bags and I list them below. Paper Bags: Paper Bags are good alternatives to plastic shopping bags But trees are required to be cut down for paper that goes into making those shopping bag. But those papers bags are biodegradable and less damaging to the environment. Cassava Starch: These bags are made with Cassava starch. They look like regular plastic shopping bags and they don’t contain any petrochemicals that makes the Low-density polyethylene (LDPE). The bags are biodegradable will make a great replacement for plastic bag. The video down below show that Corn Starch: Similar to the bags that made with Cassava Starch, they also don’t contain any petrochemicals Hemp: Hemp shopping bags are made with hemp wool as canvas which that came from the hemp plant. Hemp is environmentally friendly; hemp can be used to make many things including hemp plastic Canvas bags: Canvas comes in many forms including cotton and hemp and you can use it for shopping or to carry things. They do last a long time and is better for the environment.
I have list the alternative and I hope that what you would need to know. For me I did have some Non-Woven Polypropylene (NWPP) shopping bag which I use for shopping and as an alternative to plastic bag and which can buy them in many supermarkets. Many countries or region in countries have banned or tax plastic and here image below
I understand why those countries have either banned or tax the used of plastic. Because of the environmental concerns like landfills, polluted waterways as well clogged up sewers, animals getting caught in plastics bags especially sea creatures. If a country banned want to ban plastic bag firstly they would want to promote an alternative to plastic bag like paper bags for example.
Here number of the countries that had banned plastic; Bangladesh, China, India, Taiwan, Macedonia, South Africa, Kenya, France, Italy, Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Tasmania and Australian Capital Territory) and many other countries. Problem with banning plastic bags, you only prohibited the use and manufacture of plastic bags; the problem is still there because plastic bags mount up in the landfill. But there a solution the pollution caused by plastic bag; is to turn back plastic bag into a form they were. Plastic bags are made low-density polyethylene (LDPE) Plastic which is made from non-renewables like oil or coal. Plastic be melted using pyrolysis to turn plastic into oil. You can found on youtube but I will a video down below
Usually I talk about setting up a pyrolysis that you can setup yourself. The person in the show I have shown you; he made his unit pyrolysis unit for what he had available in his own garage to convert plastic into fuel. This proves that it have something lying around in your garage you can make your own pyrolysis unit and start converting plastic into oil. If you thinking about making your own pyrolysis unit to your plastic waste into oil; it’s always pay to do your own research and willing to take responsibility for your own action and the willingness to learn from your own trials and errors.
Here a diagram on the left to show how converting plastic to oil using pyrolysis works. and show the Furnace & Reactor, Condenser unit and Liquid product collector. and give example how pyrolysis would be used to plastic into oil. For plastic into fuel firstly plastic have to be convert into oil and secondly the oil have to refined. The oil can be refined into kerosene, gasoline, diesel, and what oil can refined into.
Solution to our plastic pollution is to covert plastic back it’s form it was once was. Pyrolysis is one of the solution which can be with low or high tech. There might be other solution our plastic pollution.
Matthew Conclusion:For me I don’t pick sides; I think independently what I post on Eco Liberty and I why write and post article. I’, glad for what countdown is doing to phase out single use plastic bag and out supermarket in New Zealand and ones in countries across the world. Plastic bag ban only stop more plastic bag going to landfills. It’s won’t solve the plastic pollution because plastic takes a very longtime to breakdown. this video below shows that why plastic can last a very longtime.
The video prove that why banning plastic bag is not solution it may stop more plastic bag going the landfill but there are things that do contain materials plastic like bottles, containers, tanks, toys, etc. they also end up on landfills. There are countries that banned single use plastic bags or there are countries that are planning to ban single use plastic bags, and there are countries not planning to ban single use plastic bag or not anytime soon. either way there are solution to plastic pollution; like converting plastic into fuel or using worms or fungi that do eat plastic. Together we can clean the plastic pollution that is affecting the today environment that is affecting wildlife and our everyday life.
This New Zealand film has won 4 international environmental awards – but here in NZ, TV channels refuse to play it. Why? Because if they did, there would be outrage and riots over New Zealand’s use of aerially applied 1080 poison.